Voting in Alabama
Upcoming Elections and Deadlines in Alabama
2022 General Election
If you're registering by mail, your voter registration must be received by 10/24/2022.
If you're registering in person, your voter registration must be received by 10/24/2022.
The deadline to register to vote online is 10/24/2022.
If you're returning your completed absentee ballot application by mail, it must be received by 11/01/2022.
If you're returning your completed absentee ballot application by hand, it must be received by 11/03/2022.
You may not be able to request an absentee ballot online in Alabama.
If you're returning your completed ballot by mail, it must be received by noon 11/08/2022.
If you're returning your completed ballot by hand, it must be received by close of polls 11/07/2022.
Voter Registration In Alabama
Who Can Register In Alabama
To register to vote in Alabama, you must:
- Be a U.S. citizen
- Be a resident of Alabama
- Be at least 18 years old, or turning 18 by the election
- Not have been declared “mentally incompetent” by a court of law
- Not have been convicted of a disqualifying felony, or have been convicted but have had your rights restored
You must register to vote at least 15 days before the election you wish to vote in.
Alabama Election Day Registration
Alabama does not offer Election Day registration, so be sure to submit your voter registration before the deadline.
You can pre-register to vote in Alabama if you will turn 18 by the next election.
Voting Rights Restoration
Alabama does remove voting right for people with some felony convictions. For those whose rights have been removed, rights can be restored once they have no pending felony charges, they have paid in full all fines, court costs, fees, and victim restitution ordered at the time of sentencing on disqualifying cases, and they have completed their sentence, including probation or parole. Some crimes require voters to remain ineligible to vote unless they receive a full pardon.
If you have a past conviction, learn more about your eligibility to vote here.
Voting In Alabama
Where To Vote In Alabama
Vote-by-mail & Absentee
Voters can only vote absentee/by mail in Alabama with an approved excuse. Approved excuses include:
- Expects to be absent from the county on election day
- Is ill or has a physical disability that prevents a trip to the polling place
- Is a registered Alabama voter living outside the country, such as a member of the armed forces, a voter employed outside the United States, a college student, or a spouse or child of such a person
- Is an appointed election officer or poll watcher at a polling place other than his or her regular polling place
- Expects to work a required shift, 10-hours or more, that coincides with polling hours
- Is a caregiver for a family member to the second degree of kinship by affinity or consanguinity and the family member is confined to his or her home
- Is currently incarcerated in prison or jail and has not been convicted of a felony involving moral turpitude
Early Voting In Alabama
Alabama offers in-person absentee voting. Voters can request their absentee ballots and cast their in-person absentee ballots at their local absentee ballot office during regular business hours beginning 55 days before the Election. In-person absentee voting ends 5 days before the Election.
Primary Elections In Alabama
Alabama has open primaries. Any registered voter can participate in primary elections, regardless of political party, although you will have to declare a political party preference in order to vote in a partisan primary. Voters who participate in a party's primary may only vote in that party's runoff election; voters who do not participate in a partisan primary may vote in either runoff election. 17-year-olds cannot vote in the primary election even if they will be 18 by the corresponding general election.
Voter ID In Alabama
Voter ID Requirements
Photo ID is required to vote in Alabama. Valid forms of ID include:
- Valid Alabama Driver’s License (not expired or has been expired less than 60 days)
- Alabama Law Enforcement Agency Digital Driver’s License
- Valid Alabama Nondriver ID (not expired or has been expired less than 60 days)
- Alabama Law Enforcement Agency Digital Nondriver ID
- Valid Alabama Photo Voter ID Card
- Valid State-Issued ID (Alabama or any other state)
- Valid AL Department of Corrections Release - Temporary ID (Photo Required)
- Valid AL Movement/Booking Sheet from Prison/Jail System (Photo Required)
- Valid Pistol Permit (Photo Required)
- Valid Federal-Issued ID
- Valid US passport
- Valid Employee ID from Federal Government, State of Alabama, County, Municipality, Board, or other entity of this state
- Valid student or employee ID from a public or private college or university in the State of Alabama (including postgraduate technical or professional schools)
- Digital student ID from a public or private college or university in the State of Alabama (including postgraduate technical or professional schools)
- Valid student or employee ID issued by a state institution of higher learning in any other state
- Digital student ID issued by a state institution of higher learning in any other state
- Valid Military ID
- Valid Tribal ID
If you do not have an approved form of ID, you can obtain a free Alabama photo voter ID at these locations. If you go to your polling place without an approved form of ID, you will be able to vote a provisional ballot. You will have until 5pm on the Friday after the election to submit valid photo identification; otherwise, your provisional ballot will not be counted.
Additional Alabama Resources
Your State Election Official
Alabama Secretary of State
John H. Merrill
Phone number: 1.800.274.8683