Voter Registration In Alabama
Who Can Register In Alabama
To register to vote in Alabama, you must:
- Be a U.S. citizen
- Be a resident of Alabama
- Be at least 18 years old
- Not have been declared “mentally incompetent” by a court of law
- Not have been convicted of a felony, or have been convicted but have had your rights restored
You must register to vote at least 15 days before the election you wish to vote in.
Alabama Election Day Registration
Alabama does not offer Election Day registration, so be sure to submit your voter registration before the deadline.
You can pre-register to vote in Alabama if you will turn 18 by the next election.
Voting Rights Restoration
You do not lose your right to vote in Alabama unless you have been convicted of crimes of moral turpitude as listed under the Felony Voter Disqualification Act. Concerning crimes of moral turpitude, you may be able to restore your right to vote if you have not committed a crime listed under ineligible convictions and if you have satisfied the following criteria:
- You have no pending criminal felony charges
- You have paid all fines, court ordered costs, fees and restitution ordered at the time of sentencing on disqualifying cases in full
- Your sentence has been completed
- You have successfully completed probation or parole
If you have a past conviction, learn more about your eligibility to vote here.
Voting In Alabama
Where To Vote In Alabama
You can search for your polling place here.
Vote-by-mail & Absentee
Voters can typically only vote absentee in Alabama with an approved excuse. During COVID-19, all voters can use the excuse “physical illness/disability” to request an absentee ballot.
To request an absentee ballot in Alabama, write or visit the local Absentee Election Manager (usually the Circuit Clerk) and provide the necessary information via a printed application form.
Click here to track your Alabama absentee ballot.
To return your Alabama absentee ballot, you can either mail it back or deliver it in person to the Absentee Election Manager (usually the Circuit Clerk). A designee may return your ballot in person in case of emergency absentee voting. Your ballot must be witnessed by two people or notarized. If hand-delivered, your ballot must be received by the close of business, but no later than 5pm, on the day prior to Election Day.
Early Voting In Alabama
Alabama does not offer in-person early voting.
Primary Elections In Alabama
Alabama has open primaries. Voters do not register with a particular party, but a voter who participates in one party’s primary may only vote in that party’s primary runoff election. If a voter did not participate in a party’s primary election, then they may choose either party’s ballot in a primary runoff election. 17-year-olds cannot vote in the primary election even if they will be 18 by the corresponding general election.
Voter ID In Alabama
Voter ID Requirements
Photo ID is required to vote in Alabama. Valid forms of ID include:
- Valid Driver's License (not expired or has been expired less than 60 days)
- Alabama Law Enforcement Agency Digital Driver's License
- Valid Non-driver ID (not expired or has been expired less than 60 days)
- Alabama Law Enforcement Agency Digital Non-driver ID
- Valid Alabama Photo Voter ID
- Valid State Issued ID (Alabama or any other state)
- Valid AL Department of Corrections Release- Temporary ID (Photo Required)
- Valid AL Movement/Booking Sheet from Prison/Jail System (Photo Required)
- Valid Pistol Permit (Photo Required)
- Valid Federal Issued ID
- Valid US Passport
- Valid Employee ID from Federal Government, State of Alabama, County Government, Municipality, Board, Authority, or other entity of this state
- Valid student or employee ID from a college or university in the State of Alabama (including postgraduate technical or professional schools)
- Valid Military ID
- Valid Tribal ID
If you do not have an approved form of ID, you are eligible for a free Alabama photo voter ID, which you can obtain from various locations including the Secretary of State's Office, local county board of registrars' offices, and a mobile location to determined by the Secretary of State's Office. You must provide the following information (all of which can be contained in one document):
- A photo identification document or a non-photo identification document is acceptable if it contains your full legal name and date of birth
- Documentation showing your date of birth
- Documentation showing that you are an Alabama registered voter (can be electronically verified by the processing office)
- Documentation showing your name and address as reflected in your voter registration record (can be electronically verified by the processing office).
If you go to your polling place without an approved form of ID, you can either vote a provisional ballot or vote a regular ballot if you are identified by two election officials as an eligible voter on the poll list, and both election workers sign a sworn affidavit so stating. If you vote a provisional ballot, you have until 5:00PM on the Friday after the election to bring the required ID.
Additional Alabama Resources
Your State Election Official
Alabama Secretary of State
John H. Merrill
Phone number: 334.242.7200