Voting in Montana
Voter Registration In Montana
Who Can Register In Montana
To register to vote in Montana, you must:
- Be a U.S. citizen
- Be a resident of Montana for 30 days
- Be at least 18 years old, or turning 18 by the election
- Not have been declared “non-compos mentis” or “mentally incompetent” by a court of law
- Not be a felon currently serving a sentence in a penal institution
You must register to vote at least 30 days before the election you wish to vote in, or you can register during certain dates closer to the election (see more under “Election Day Registration”).
Montana Election Day Registration
If you’re eligible to vote in Montana but have not yet registered, you can register and vote at your county election office or designated location any time until noon the day before the election. Montana does not offer same-day registration on Election Day.
You can pre-register to vote in Montana if you will turn 18 by the next election.
Voting Rights Restoration
Montana does remove voting rights for people with felony convictions. Voting rights are lost only while incarcerated, with automatic restoration upon release.
If you have a past conviction, learn more about your eligibility to vote here.
Voting In Montana
Where To Vote In Montana
Vote-by-mail & Absentee
All voters are eligible to vote absentee/by mail in Montana; no excuse is needed.
Early Voting In Montana
Montana offers in-person absentee voting. No excuse is needed to vote absentee in person. In-person absentee voting begins 30 days prior to the election and ends at noon the day before Election Day.
Primary Elections In Montana
Montana has open primaries. There is no party registration in Montana. Individuals who vote in a primary election are given all the parties’ ballots, and can choose in private which party ballot they wish to vote. Voters in a primary election cannot vote more than one party’s ballots. 17-year-olds cannot vote in the primary election even if they will be 18 by the corresponding general election.
Voter ID In Montana
Voter ID Requirements
ID is required to vote in Montana. Valid forms of ID include:
- A current photo ID showing the elector’s name
- A current utility bill, bank statement, paycheck, voter confirmation notice, tribal ID, government check or other government document that shows your name and current address.
If you go to your polling place without an approved form of ID, you can still vote by requesting and filling out a “Polling Place Elector ID” form. Or, you can vote a provisional ballot. Your provisional ballot will be counted if you provide valid ID to the county election office by 5:00 p.m. the day after the election, or mail it to the county election office postmarked by the day after the election.
Additional Montana Resources
Your State Election Official
Montana Secretary of State
Phone number: 406.444.2034