Voting in Virginia
Voter Registration In Virginia
Who Can Register In Virginia
To register to vote in Virginia, you must:
- Be a U.S. citizen
- Be a resident of Virginia (a person who has come to Virginia for temporary purposes and intends to return to another state is not considered a resident for voting purposes)
- Be at least 18 years old (any person who is 17 years old and will be eighteen years of age at the next general election shall be permitted to register in advance and also vote in any intervening primary or special election)
- Not have been currently declared mentally incompetent by a court of law
- Not have been convicted of a felony, or if convicted of a felony, your right to vote must have been restored
- Not be registered and plan to vote in another state
You must register to vote at least 22 days before the election you wish to vote in.
Virginia Election Day Registration
Virginia does not offer Election Day registration, so be sure to submit your voter registration before the deadline.
You can pre-register to vote in Virginia if you will turn 18 by the next election.
Voting Rights Restoration
Virginia doesn’t restore automatically the right to vote. If you have been convicted of a felony, you must apply to the governor for a restoration of your voting rights.
If you have a past conviction, learn more about your eligibility to vote here.
Voting In Virginia
Where To Vote In Virginia
You can search for your polling place here.
Vote-by-mail & Absentee
Voters can only vote absentee in Virginia with an approved excuse.
Early Voting In Virginia
Virginia offers in-person absentee voting. Voters can only vote early with an approved excuse. Early voting begins 45 days and ends three days (Saturday) before the election.
Primary Elections In Virginia
Virginia has open primaries. Any registered voter can participate in primary elections, regardless of political party. 17-year-olds can vote in the primary election if they will be 18 by the corresponding general election.
Voter ID In Virginia
Voter ID Requirements
Photo ID is required to vote in Virginia. Valid forms of ID include:
- Valid Virginia Driver’s License or Identification Card
- Valid Virginia DMV issued Veteran’s ID card
- Valid United States Passport
- Other government-issued photo identification cards (must be issued by US Government, the Commonwealth of Virginia, or a political subdivision of the Commonwealth)
- Tribal enrollment or other tribal ID issued by one of 11 tribes recognized by the Commonwealth of Virginia
- Valid college or university student photo identification card (must be from an institution of higher education located in Virginia)
- Valid student ID issued by a public school or private school in Virginia displaying a photo
- Employee identification card containing a photograph of the voter and issued by an employer of the voter in the ordinary course of the employer’s business
If you do not have an approved form of ID, you can apply for a free Virginia Voter Photo Identification from any general registrar’s office in the Commonwealth. Voters applying for the Virginia Voter Photo ID Card will have to complete the Virginia Voter Photo Identification Card Application, have their picture taken, and sign the digital signature pad. Once the application is processed, the card will be mailed directly to the voter.
If you go to your polling place without an approved form of ID, you can vote a provisional ballot. A voter will have until noon on the Friday following the election to deliver a copy of the identification to the local electoral board. Voters may submit a copy of their ID via fax, email, in-person submission, or through USPS or commercial delivery service. Please note that the copy of the ID must be delivered to the electoral board by noon on the Friday following the election, or the provisional ballot cannot be counted. A Friday postmark will not be sufficient if the copy of the ID is not delivered to the electoral board by noon on Friday.
Also by noon on Friday following the election, the voter may appear in-person in the office of the general registrar, in the locality in which the provisional ballot was cast, and apply for a Virginia Voter Photo ID Card. At the completion of the application process, the voter may request a Temporary Identification Document. This document may be provided to the electoral board to meet the needs of the identification requirement.
Additional Virginia Resources
Your State Election Official
Virginia Commissioner of the Department of Elections
Phone number: 804.864.8901; 800.552.9745 (toll free)