Voting in West Virginia
Upcoming Elections and Deadlines in West Virginia
If you're registering by mail, your voter registration must be received by 10/18/2022 and postmarked by 10/18/2022.
If you're registering in person, your voter registration must be received by 10/18/2022.
The deadline to register to vote online is 10/18/2022.
If you're returning your completed absentee ballot application by mail, it must be received by 11/02/2022.
If you're returning your completed absentee ballot application by hand, it must be received by 11/02/2022.
You may not be able to request an absentee ballot online in West Virginia.
If you're returning your completed ballot by mail, it must be postmarked by 11/08/2022 and received by 11/14/2022.
If you're returning your completed ballot by hand, it must be received by 11/07/2022.
Voter Registration In West Virginia
Who Can Register In West Virginia
To register to vote in West Virginia, you must:
- Be a U.S. citizen
- Be a legal resident of West Virginia and of the county where you am applying
- Be at least 17 years of age and will be 18 on or before the next general election.
- Not have been judged incompetent by a court of competent jurisdiction
- Not currently be under conviction, probation or parole for election bribery, treason, or any felony
You must register to vote at least 21 days before the election you wish to vote in.
West Virginia Election Day Registration
West Virginia does not offer Election Day registration, so be sure to submit your voter registration before the deadline.
You can pre-register to vote in West Virginia when you turn 17 if you will turn 18 by the next general election.
Voting Rights Restoration
West Virginia does remove voting rights for people with felony convictions. Person may register to vote again after sentence is fully served, including parole and probations.
If you have a past conviction, learn more about your eligibility to vote here.
Voting In West Virginia
Where To Vote In West Virginia
Vote-by-mail & Absentee
COVID-19 UPDATE: All voters are currently eligible to vote absentee, as "Illness, injury or other medical reason" includes concerns for COVID-19.
Voters can only vote absentee/by mail in West Virginia with an approved excuse. Approved excuses include:
- Illness, injury or other medical reason
- Disability or advanced age
- Incarceration or home detention (does not include individuals convicted of any felony, treason, or election bribery)
- Work hours and distance from county seat
- Inaccessible early voting site and polling place
- Personal or business travel
- Attendance at college or other place of education or training
- Temporary residence outside of the county
- Service as an elected or appointed state or federal official
- Participation in the Address Confidentiality Program (ACP)
- Membership, or the spouse or dependent a member of the United States uniformed services and Merchant Marines on active duty
Early Voting In West Virginia
West Virginia offers in-person early voting. No excuse is needed to vote early. Early voting begins 13 days before the election and ends 3 days before the election.
Primary Elections In West Virginia
West Virginia has semi-open primaries. Voters registered with a particular party may only vote in that party's primary, but unaffiliated voters may choose any primary ballot. 17-year-olds can vote in the primary election if they will be 18 by the corresponding general election.
Voter ID In West Virginia
Voter ID Requirements
ID is required to vote in West Virginia. Valid forms of ID include:
- Voter registration card
- Medicare card or Social Security card
- Birth certificate
- WV hunting or fishing license
- WV SNAP ID card
- WV TANF program ID card
- WV Medicaid ID card
- Bank or debit card
- Utility bill or bank statement issued within six months of the date of the election
- Health insurance card issued to the voter
- WV driver’s license or other WV ID card issued by the DMV
- Driver’s license issued by another state
- U.S. passport or passport card
- Military ID card issued by the U.S.
- U.S. or WV Government employee ID card
- Student ID card
- A concealed carry (pistol/revolver) permit
Exemptions to the ID requirement are:
1. Signed, sworn statement by an adult who has known the voter for 6 months or more
2. A poll worker knows the voter
3. Residents of State Care Facilities
If you do not have an approved form of ID, you can apply for a free Voter ID Card from your county clerk. Applications must be submitted in person at the county clerk’s office, and voters can choose to be mailed their Voter ID Card or pick them up at the county clerk’s office.
If you go to your polling place without an approved form of ID, you can vote a provisional ballot. Before canvass, the provisional ballot signature is compared to the voter’s registration signature. If the signatures match, the vote should count.
Additional West Virginia Resources
Your State Election Official
West Virginia Secretary of State
Phone number: 304.558.6000; 866.767.8683 (toll free)